Blast from the past: Kula Deivam 1956

A vast movie made on the avm studio as a partnership project with s. K. Photographs was kula deivam. It had a socially relevant message about the efficacy of the joint circle of relatives gadget and remarriage of young hindu widows. The lot of the hindu widow has been one among untold misery, affliction and denial of comforts and he or she turned into ostracised even by using her own family. She could not wear jewels or plant life and had to be attired in white. Besides, she was taken into consideration an unwell-omen. In a few orthodox communities, she needed to tonsure her head regularly. In a few households, she changed into taken to project if she laughed loudly! Indeed, the indian authorities passed “the hindu widow remarriage act” as early as 1856, however it did not assist topics. The lifestyle-bound society felt it become an intrusion by means of the british rulers into the time-honoured customs. The exercise persevered for hundreds of years and at some point of the late 19th and early twentieth centuries, a few social reformers took up the cudgels and fought for widow remarriage. The most well-known of them were ishwarchandra vidyasagar and kandukuri veeresalingam panthulu who confronted competition and risk to existence and limb. A sturdy spiritual organization took panthulu to courtroom in this difficulty! He created records by using acting a widow remarriage in purasaiwalkam, madras. But it took a long time for such marriages to be familiar with the aid of hindu society. Not pretty, the issue become the fulcrum of plays and movies in lots of languages for the duration of the early 20th century.

Many memorable movies revolved around this social problem — y. V. Rao’s malli pelli (1939, telugu), b. N. Reddi’s sumangali (1940, telugu), kishore sahu’s sindoor (1947, hindi) and m. R. Vittal’s hannaley chiguridhaaga (1968, kannada).

Kula deivam was based on a bengali story through noted creator prabhavathi devi saraswathi. The tamil film script turned into written by “murasoli” maran. Throughout the 1950-60s, there has been a distinct trend in tamil cinema of seeking tale fabric in bengal, the land of the nobel laureate rabindranath tagore, sarat chandra chatterjee and such literary giants. Many bengali stories, novels, performs and movies had been adapted for tamil cinema. Indeed, in that length there have been even ‘bengali story- brokers!’

Kula deivam highlighted the joint family machine, the need for circle of relatives solidarity and widow remarriage. An antique man on his deathbed makes his eldest son (sahasranamam) promise to appearance after his younger brothers (rajendran, mustafa, rajagopal) and only younger sister (mynavathi), a toddler widow. The brother ekes out a residing as a visiting cloth service provider and soon opens a shop of his very own and prosperity smiles on the own family. He gets his brothers married; the sisters-in-regulation begin to create issues, destroying the pleasure and peace of the family. His spouse (pandari bai) is a terrific supply of strength. How each combat adversity and convey sunshine into the circle of relatives again and additionally get the widowed sister re-married form the relaxation of the story.

A socially vast movie, kula deivam met with notable success. Directed by means of krishnan-panju, the movie had track with the aid of r. Sudarsanam and lyrics through subramania bharati, bharathidasan, pattukottai kalyanasundaram, ok. P. Kamatchi and athmanathan.

V. R. Rajagopal, a level comedian with massive, expressive eyes and excellent experience of timing, made a splash and came to be referred to as Kuladeivam rajagopal. He remained a top comic for a few years, however later dwindled into oblivion.

The movie turned into awarded a certificate of advantage offered by using the authorities of india. In 1957, meiyappan remade it in hindi as bhabhi which become a phenomenal achievement.

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